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Copr. 1997, Bruce N. Cameron, J.D.

LESSON 9 - SERVICE FOR THE KING (MATTHEW 19:1--21:17)

INTRODUCTION: WE HAVE SOME HOT TOPICS THIS WEEK.  MARRIAGE AND MONEY. 
I ONLY HOPE THAT I CAN STAY OUT OF TROUBLE.

I. DIVORCE
      A. READ MATT. 19:3.
      B. WHY WAS THIS A TEST FOR JESUS?  WOULDN'T IT BE NATURAL FOR HIM TO
SAY, "OF COURSE, YOU CAN'T DIVORCE YOUR WIFE FOR ANY REASON!" 
(THERE WERE 2 SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT AMONG THE PHARISEES.  THE LIBERAL
SCHOOL OF HILLEL TAUGHT THAT A MAN MIGHT DIVORCE HIS WIFE FOR TRIVIAL
REASONS: SUCH AS BURNING BREAKFAST. THE CONSERVATIVE SCHOOL OF
SHAMMAI THOUGHT YOU COULD ONLY DIVORCE YOUR WIFE FOR IMMODEST OR
INDECENT CONDUCT.) 
      C. LETS READ JESUS RESPONSE: V.4-6 AND 9.  DID JESUS ENDORSE EITHER OF
THOSE VIEWS? WHAT DID HE SAY? (NIV NOTES SAY THAT THE SHAMMAI
INTERPRETED INDECENT CONDUCT TO MEAN ADULTRY. I DO NOT THINK THAT IS
ACCURATE (SKIP REASONS): 1. PENALTY FOR ADULTRY WAS DEATH, NOT DIVORCE.
IF MOSES MEANT THAT, JESUS WOULD HAVE NO REASON TO SUGGEST THAT MOSES
WAS SAYING ANYTHING DIFFERENT THAN JESUS WAS SAYING.)
      D. WE HAVE TWO REACTIONS TO JESUS RESPONSE. ONE FROM THE PHARISEES
AND ONE FROM THE DISCIPLES. DID THEY SAY, "RIGHT ON!"
            1. NO. THE PHARISEES SAID, "THAT IS NOT WHAT MOSES SAID." (V.7)
            2. DID MOSES, BEING LEAD BY GOD ALLOW DIVORCE? (DEUT. 24:1-
4)(THIS IS THE SOURCE OF THE TWO SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT.)
      E. HOW WOULD YOU SUMMARIZE THE DISCIPLES REACTION? (THEY WERE
SHOCKED. V.10. IF THE RULES ARE GOING TO BE THAT STRICT, BEST NOT MARRY.)
      F. ISN'T SIN, SIN FOR ALL TIMES?  WHY WAS DIVORCE "OK" IN MOSES TIME
AND NOT "OK" IN JESUS TIME?
            1. IF HARDNESS OF HEART IS AN EXCUSE, ARE THOSE WHO ARE
HARDHEARTED TODAY EXCUSED? (JESUS SAYS, "NO". V.9)

      G. READ 19:11. TELL ME WHAT YOU THINK THAT THIS MEANS? (THE BC
SUGGESTS THAT THIS REFERS TO THE SUGGESTION OF THE DISCIPLES THAT IT IS
BETTER NOT TO MARRY. IT DOES NOT SUGGEST THAT THIS REFERS TO WHAT JESUS
HAD SAID ABOUT DIVORCE.)
      H. THE DIVORCE IN THE CHURCH IS MORE AND MORE COMMON.  I WAS
CONTEMPLATING THE OTHER DAY HOW COULD I SURVIVE AS A SINGLE PARENT?
THE SITUATION WOULD BE VERY BLEAK AND THE PROBLEMS ENORMOUS. JUST
THINK. DOING YOUR JOB, GETTING THE KIDS TO DAYCARE, TAKING CARE OF THE
HOUSEHOLD, SPENDING TIME WITH YOUR KIDS. EVEN THOUGH I DO NOT HAVE A
TWO INCOME FAMILY, I FIGURED I WOULD HAVE A FINANCIAL PROBLEM.  WHEN
YOU ADD THE EMOTIONAL BATTLE, IT JUST SEEMS NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE.  AN AREA
IN WHICH THE CHURCH (MEANING US) SHOULD HELP.

II. MONEY
      A. LETS COMPLETELY CHANGE PACE HERE.
      B. READ MATT. 19:16-17. THE BEGINNING OF A STORY THAT YOU ALL KNOW.
            1. SO MUCH FOR RbyF.
            2. DO YOU THINK THAT JESUS MEANT IT?
      C. READ V.20-22. DO YOU THINK THAT THIS MAN WOULD HAVE GONE TO
HEAVEN IF HE HAD SOLD ALL HE HAD? WOULD HE HAVE BECOME PERFECT?  
            1. LETS READ ON
      D. READ V.27. PETER SAYS, "LORD, WE PASSED THAT TEST!" "WHAT DO WE
GET?" 
      E. IN V.28-29 JESUS RESPONDS, "HEAVEN AND THRONES AND GLORY"
      F. NOW READ V. 30 AND TELL ME WHAT IN THE WORLD THAT MEANS? 
            1. DOES IT MEAN THAT THE MAN WHO HAD WEALTH, AND APPEARED
TO BE FIRST ON THIS EARTH WOULD NOW BE LAST?
            2. DID IT MEAN THAT THE DISCIPLES WHO WOULD BE FIRST IN HEAVEN,
WOULD REALLY BE IN A SYSTEM WHERE THOSE WHO WERE FIRST WOULD BE LAST?
      
      G. LETS READ THE NEXT STORY: MATT 20:1-2, 9-15.
            1. WHAT IS THE PUNCH LINE TO THIS STORY? V. 16. SEEN THAT BEFORE?
            2. WHAT IS THE POINT TO THIS STORY?

      H. LETS GO BACK AND LOOK AT ALL OF THE STORIES:
            1. DID THE RICH MAN THINK THAT HE COULD GET TO HEAVEN BY
DOING SOMETHING? (YES. 19:16 "WHAT MUST I DO....")
            2. JESUS SHOWED HIM THAT HE COULDN'T DO ENOUGH.
            3. DID THE DISCIPLES THINK THAT THEY COULD GET TO HEAVEN BY
WHAT THEY DID? (19:27. WE HAVE DONE EVERYTHING, WHAT IS OUR REWARD?)
      I. WHAT DOES THE PARABLE OF THE LABORERS TELL US ABOUT THE
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OUR WORK AND OUR REWARD? (NO RELATIONSHIP!)
            1. WHAT DID ALL THE WORKERS DO IN COMMON? (AGREED TO WORK
WHEN ASKED)
            2. SO JESUS INVITATION TO COME AND THE  AGREEMENT TO COME
RESULTED IN THE REWARD. HEAVEN IS JESUS GIFT.

      J. WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO ACCEPT THIS GIFT? (THIS IS THE SECOND MEANING
TO THIS "FIRST SHALL BE LAST". THE RICH RULER WAS USED TO BEING BETTER
BECAUSE OF HIS MONEY.  IF HE DID NOT HAVE IT, HE WOULD NOT BE BETTER. 
THAT WAS THE PROBLEM, NOT MONEY. IF YOU REMEMBER FROM LAST WEEK, THE
ONLY PEOPLE SAFE TO SAVE ARE THOSE WHO DO NOT HAVE THE ATTITUDE OF
SATAN THAT THEY HAVE TO BE BETTER THAN OTHERS.)

III. NEXT WEEK: MATT. 21-23.